小学英语阅读理解秘籍

2018-12-17 15:38:00
张秀宇
原创
1282

1阅读理解一般分为故事幽默类、说明、科普类等

1、故事幽默类一般前面都在为幽默做铺垫,只有读到最后才能显现出幽默之出来。
这类短文一般难度不大,认真阅读,仔细选择,问题都可以解决,如Write a Letter to Mary, A Dirty Boy,On the Bus 等

2小学的说明,科普类短文都十分浅显,只要具备一点科普常识都会读懂的,如,Time, the Spring Festival .等,即使文章较长,问题也十分明显,从文中都能找到答案。

2解题时有以下几种方法

 

1、略读法:关键是在能抓住文章要点的前提下以个人最快的速度阅读,获得足够的信息以便准确地回答有关文章主旨和大意的问题。要特别注意文章首尾两段,第一段往往点明文章主题或作者意图,而最后一段则常常总结归纳或重述文章的主要内容。要学会寻找文章段落的主题句,因为把每段主题句的意思综合起来实际上就是全文的中心思想,文章的主题句也可能出现在段落中间或结尾。

2、查阅法:可以不需要阅读整篇文章,而只需找出可能包含所需信息的部分,然后加以阅读就行。查阅法主要用于获得具体的信息,即谁、什么、什么时间、什么地点、什么原因以及如何发生等有关或者具体的数字。

3、同义互释法

4、判断推理法:有时4个题项中不止一个可以作为答案项,这时就应该意识到该题是一个判断推理题。要根据文章的主旨和作者的意图,选择比较,去伪存真,选出切合文章主旨和作者意图的最佳答案。

3同学们在做阅读理解时应注意的问题有哪些?

1、弄清文章体裁,快速理解文章。对不同体裁的文章,要根据其体裁特点,运用不同的方法快速阅读,正确理解。记叙文一开始交待人物、时间、地点、事件,然后详细叙述原因。议论文中,作者先提论点,再加以分析,或举例论证,得出结论。说明文中,作者先提出说明对象,然后从时间、空间、用途、方法、步骤等不同侧面加以说明。

2、仔细研读首尾句,预测文中细节。小学升学考试英语文章往往隐去了标题,这给抓文章中心带来了困难。然而,英语的写作特点一般是按"总-分-总"这一思路来写的。因此,研读首、尾句,不但可以帮助考生抓住文章的内容,还可以揣测作者的态度、意图,从而进一步猜出作者着重要写的细节。

3、略读选答,带问阅读。做英语阅读理解题时,首先应浏览一遍所提问题及选项,然后带着这些问题有目的、有针对性地阅读文章。

4、联系生活常识,及早排除错误选项。阅读理解中四个选项,有时有一个或两个与常识或其他学科中所学的知识不相符。我们可先将其排队在阅读中对所剩下的选项进行筛选就容易多了。

5、解题前要仔细通读全文,遇到难解的词组和句子不要急躁,尽量根据上下文悟出其义,解题时要"带着问题读查短文"分析判断,整题解完后要认真复查。

6、注意不要改变自己的阅读习惯。有的同学先看题目后看文章,有的先看文章再看题目,你平时怎么练,考试就怎么做。临时改变自己的习惯效果往往不好。其次,看清楚题目是概括中心型还是推理判断性。概括某一段的中心时注意这一段的首句和尾句;推理判断题要注意题目问的是作者的态度,不是你的态度。

4判断正误

对于阅读试题中的判断正误题,相对比较简单,但学生的出错率仍然较大,究其原因,学生不懂判断的方法,通常是读完试题之后,凭着自己对阅读文章的大致印象判断。事实上判断试题与选择、填空的做题方法基本一致,仍需找出试题中的关键词,带着关键词,在文中寻找所需信息,然后仔细判断是否与文中信息一致,如一致则正确,反之错误。

试题:Mary is sick, Mother takes her to the doctor首先在试题中寻找关键词:Mary,sick, Mother,doctor.带着这些关键词,在文章中寻找。由于这是阅读文章的第一个试题,所以我们将答案定位于文章的首段,文中:Mother says: “Mary, Let’s go to the doctor for a check.” “Doctor?” says Mary, “Im not sick, Why do I need to see the doctor?”此题与文中not sick信息不一致,所以不正确。

最后一题:The doctor gives Mary a shot, It does not hurt at all.由于是最后一题,信息基本在文章的末断,我们只需将信息定位于文章的末断或上一试题信息之后,同样带着关键词shot寻找。文中 Mary takes a shot, It does not hurt much.试题中:not hurt at all与 not hurt much不相符,所以错误。

Excercise

阅读理解:根据短文内容选择合适的答案,将编号填在括号里

1

It is a sunny day this Sunday. I usually go shopping with my mother on Sunday. Sometimes I climb mountains. That’s fun. But not this Sunday. Because the weather report says it’s going to rain next Sunday. I can’t climb mountains in the rain. I can’t go shopping either. So I want to read books at home.

(    ) 1 What is the weather like this Sunday?  

       A .It is Sunday.  B .It is fine.  C .It is rainy.

(    ) 2 What do you do on Sunday?     

       A .I climb hills.    B .I go hiking.   C .I read books.

(    ) 3 Can you climb mountains this Sunday?

         A .Yes, I can.  B .No, I can’t.  C .No, I’m not.

(    ) 4 Do you go shopping on Sunday?     

       A .Yes, I am.    B .Yes, I do.    C .No, I’m not.

(    ) 5 What do you want to do next Sunday?  

      A  I want to read books.    B  I want to watch TV.  C  I want to go shopping.

2

Mr Brown lives in a nice house in a small town with his wife(妻子) , Mrs Brown. From Monday to Friday he works in an office near his house. He is free on Saturdays and Sundays. He has a nice garden beside his house. He likes growing flowers and he often works in the garden on Saturdays and Sundays. The flowers are very beautiful and Mrs Brown likes them very much. She often helps Mr Brown.

(   )1. Mr Brown lives in ______with his wife.

    A. a city  B. a small town   C. a big town

(   )2. He works______ days a week in his office.

     A. four     B. five        C. six

(   )3. He isn’t _______on Saturdays and Sundays.

     A. free    B. busy       C. happy

(   )4. He likes ______ on Saturdays and Sundays.

     A. working in his garden     B. walking in his gardon   C. looking at his garden

(   )5. Mrs Brown _______ the flowers.

     A. like     B. doesn’t like    C. often helps

3

One day Mr. and Mrs. White go shopping by car. They stop their car near a store. They buy a lot of things and they want to put the things in the car. But Mr. White can’t open the door of the car, so they ask a policeman to help them. The policeman is very friendly to help them. Just then a man comes up and shouts: “What are you doing with my car?” Mr. and Mrs. White take a look at the car’s number and they are frozen there. It isn’t their car.

 (   ) 1. Mr. and Mrs. White drive for ____.

A. fishing    B. shopping    C. business

(   ) 2. They stop their car ______.

A. at the parking spot   B. near the sea   C. near the store

(   ) 3. They want to put the things ___.  

A. in a big bag    B. in their car  C. in other’s car

(   ) 4. Mr. White can’t open the car, so __________.

A. they walk home    B. they ask a policeman to help   C. they call a taxi

4

Hello! My name is Sun Wei. Here is an American boy. His name is David Smith. He is twelve. And I am twelve, too. David is in Class Three, Grade One. I am in Class Three, Grade One, too. He is Number Eight, Row Five. I am Number Five, Row Four.

(  )1.David        an American boy.

A. is        B. am      C. are

(  )2.He is             .

A. ten       B. eleven    C. twelve

(  )3.Sun Wei is          Class Three, Grade One.

A. in        B. on         C. of

(  )4.David is in Row           .

A. Four      B. Five       C. One]

(  )5.Sun Wei is Number          .

A. Four     B. Five      D. Eight

5

Van and Ted are twin brothers. They look the same. They are English. They are eleven. They are in No.15 Middle School. They are new students in Class One, Grade One. Van sits in Row One. Ted sits in Row Three.

(  )1. Van and Ted are         .

A. twins brothers         B. twin brother         C. twin brothers

(  )2. They are            .

A. English              B. American            C. Chinese

(  )3. They are          .

A. ten                 B. eleven                C. twelve

(  )4. They are           students.

A. new                B. old                 C. good

(  )5. Ted sits         Row Three.

A. on              B. in           C. at

阅读理解:判断下列句子意思与短文意思是否相符,用“T”或“F”表示

1

Today is February 3rd. The weather is windy and cold. I get many cards today. They’re birthday cards. They’re from my friends. Can you guess why? I wear my new red coat and blue jeans. They’re very pretty. My mother take me to the zoo.I can see many animals. I’m very happy today.

 (    ) 1.My birthday is February 3rd.

 (    ) 2.It’s  windy and snowy today.

 (    ) 3.I can see many trees at the zoo.

 (    ) 4.I have a new coat. It’s blue.

 (    ) 5.I have many birthday cards.

2

My name is Tom. My birthday is June 2nd. The weather is sunny and hot. It’s my favourite season. On my birthday, I usually have a birthday party. Sometimes we have a picnic. Tomorrow is my birthday. I am cleaning the room now. My mom is making a birthday cake for me.

(  )1.Tom’s birthday is on Children’s Day.

(  )2.It’s warm and sunny in summer.

(  )3. Today is June 1st.

(  )4. Tom’s mother can make a birthday cake.

(  )5.Usually there is a birthday party on Tom’s birthday

 

3

Hello. My name is Millie. I’m thirteen years old. I’m a good boy. I often play volleyball so .I’m fit and healthy. For breakfast, I always have some bread and an egg and I drink a glass of orange juice. I sometimes have rice with fish and an apple for lunch. I really love apples, because “An apple a day keeps the doctor away(离开)”. In the evening, I sometimes have a glass of milk or a cup of green tea and some biscuits. For dinner, I often have soup, meat and vegetables. I like vegetables because they are fresh and healthy. They are good for me. Look at me! How tall and strong I am now!

(  )1.Millie is 14 this year.

(  )2.Millie likes football very much.

(  )3.Millie often drinks orange juice for breakfast.

(  )4.Millie likes apples because they’re healthy.

(  )5.I often have vegetables for dinner.

4

My name is Jim Green. I am twelve. That is my mother. She is a teacher. That is my father. His name is Jeff Green. He is a teacher, too. He is an English teacher. ? That is my sister, Kate. She is eight. This is Polly. It is a bird. It is a parrot.

(   )1. Jim Green is eleven.

(   )2. His mother is teacher.

(   )3. His father is a Chinese teacher.

(   )4. His sister is twelve.

(   )5. He has a bird.

 

5

My name is Mary. I am eleven. Ted is my brother. He is thirteen. We are in the same school. My mother is a teacher. She is a teacher in our school. My father is a teacher, too. He is a Chinese teacher in a college. I have a cat. Its name is Miaomiao. It is white. It is a nice cat. We are good friends.

(   )1. I am twelve.

(   )2. Ted is Mary’s brother.

(   )3. Ted and I are in the same class.

(   )4. My parents are teachers.

(   )5. I have a cat.

阅读短文并回答问题

1

Look at the picture. We can see a hill in it. On the hill there are some trees. There are some birds in the trees. Behind the trees there is a house. There is a river near the hill. We can see a boat in the river. There are two boys in the boat.

1. We can see a hill in the           .

2. There is a house           the trees.

3. There are some birds              the tree.

4. There are            in the boat.

5. The river is           the hill.

2

Some monkeys are playing in a tree near a lake. They are having a good time.

Suddenly a little monkey cry, “ Look, the moon has dropped into the water!” “Get it out, hurry!” says the old monkey.

The little monkey hangs from the tree by his tail. Then each monkey hangs from the other by his legs.

At last they get to the water, but still they cannot scoop up the moon. Another little monkey finds half a gourd to scoop up the moon. Aha! He gets the moon in the gourd.

At that time all the monkey come for the moon. But the gourd drops and the moon are broken. The monkeys are very sorry. But they look up, they find the moon is still high up in the sky, shining bright.

1. Some monkeys are playing                 .

2.                monkey sees the moon has dropped into the water.

3. The monkeys hang from the tree by their tails               .

4. All the monkeys come                the moon.

5. The moon is still high up                   .

阅读下面的对话,根据上下文,从所给的七个句子中选择五个句子,将对话补充完整,并将该选项前面的字母编号写在相应的横线上.

  A. What’s the date today?     B. What day is it today?    

  C. Do you like Mondays?     D. What about you?       

  E. Do you do your homework on Saturdays, too?  

  F. What do you have on Mondays?

  G. What do you do on Saturdays?

A:______________________________

S:It’s Wednesday.

A:_______________________________

S:  We have math, science, Computer and P.E. on Mondays.

A:__________________________________

S:Yes, I like Mondays. We have music class.

A:________________________________

S:I do my homework on Saturdays.____________________

A:Yes. First, I do my homework, then I play sports with my friends.

 

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