小学英语常见四大阅读题型

2018-12-17 15:36:00
张秀宇
原创
1398

在小学阶段,阅读理解题型灵活多样,但主要有四种题型,不同的题型其实也是有不同解题技巧的。

一、读一读,选择正确的答案

      这种题型的特点是在短文后给出若十个不完整的句子或若干个根据短文内容提出的问题,针对每一题都提供三到四个备选的答案,要求同学们在正确理解短文内容的基础上,从选项中选出一个正确的答案。这类试题的问题一般是紧扣短文内容编排的,既会涉及文章中的细节内容,如文中出现的人物、时间、地点、事件的前因后果等,也会涉及文章中某个词或某个句子的含义以及文章的主旨、大意和标题等。

       Mrs Jones' students are waiting quietly for her to come into the classroom. Today Amy brings some cakes. Joy brings some napkins. Carlos brings some soda water and Kate brings some cups. Everyone wants the party to he a surprise. Mrs Jones doesn't know the children have known today is her birthday. When she comes into the classroom, the children shout, “Happy birthday, Mrs Jones!”

       And then the children get a surprise,too. Mrs Jones brings everyone a party hat and an ice cream!

阅读短文,选择最佳答案。

(  )1. Mrs Jones' ______ are waiting for her. 

         A. friends    B. students     C. parents           D. family

(  )2. Carlos brings some ______.

         A. cola         B. napkins      C. soda water     D. cups

(  )3. ______ brings some cakes. 

         A. Amy         B. Carlos         C. Joey               D. Kate

解题技巧:

1. 短文的第一句话告诉我们是琼斯老师的学生们正静静地等候她的到来。

2. 短文的第四句话介绍了Carlos带了一些soda water(汽水)。

3. 短文的第二句话介绍了Amy带了一些蛋糕。

正确答案:1. B  2. C  3. A 

 

、读一读,判断句子正(T)误(F)

      该题型的特点是在短文后给出若干个句子,要求同学们根据短文内容,判断所给的句子意思是否与原文相符。做这类题应该联系短文内容进行发挥,主要是考查对意思相近或相反的几个句子进行鉴别、判断,或是变换词语、句子结构来测试同种意思的不同表达。

      There are some public numbers. Do you know when to use these numbers? 110 is a number for calling policemen when you have met some illegal things. 119 is a number using for a fire accident. 120 is a number for asking medical help when somebody is serious ill or hurt. Please do not dial these numbers for fun. It is forbidden. 

阅读短文,判断正(T)误(F)。

(  )1. When you meet some thieves, you can call 110.

(  )2. Somebody is serious ill, you can call 119.

(  )3. There is a fire accident in your building, so you can call 119.

(  )4. A girl was hurt by a car, you can call 120.

解题技巧:

这篇短文是介绍几个常用公共电话号码的使用情况。读懂意思就会判断句子的正误了。

1. 句意:当你遇到一些小偷时,你可以拔打110。110是遇到违法事件时的报警号码,所以判断这句话是正确的。

2. 句意:有人得了重病,你可以拔打119。119是发生火灾时拨打的求救号码,所以判断这句话是错误的。

3. 句意:当你的房子发生了火灾,你可以拨打119。所以判断这句话是正确的。

4. 句意:一个女孩被汽车撞了,你可以拔打120。120是请求医疗急救的号码,女孩受伤了,应该先送她去医院。所以判断这句话是正确的。

正确答案:1. T  2. F  3. T  4. T 

、读一读,根据短文内容,回答问题


      这种题型要求根据所提的问题写出完整、正确的句子。这样的题目听起来似乎很难,其实真正做起来却很简单。回答问题时,如果不确定自己所写句子是否存在语法问题,应遵从越简单越好的原则,答案简洁明了,只要能说明问题就行。

      There are seven days in a week. They are Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday and Saturday. Sunday is the first day of the week. Saturday and Sunday are the weekend. Usually, we have a rest on the weekend. The other five days are weekdays. We usually go to school or work during weekdays. Nobody likes Monday, because we have a good time on Sunday and we don't want to study or work any more.

阅读短文,根据短文内容,回答问题。

1. How many days are there in a week? ——————————————

2. What are they? ————————————————————————

3. What is the first day of the week? ____________________________

4. What is the weekend? ____________________________________

5. When do we usually go to school? ____________________________

解题技巧:

1. 问一周有几天。短文的第一句话已经给了我们答案,回答用单词seven即可。

2. 问分别是哪几天。短文的第二句话已经给了我们答案。

3. 问一周的第一天是哪一天。答案就是短文的第三句话。

4. 问周末指的是什么。答案就是短文的第四句话,周末指的是星期六和星期日。

5. 问我们通常什么时候上学。答案就是短文的第六、七两句话,回答应该是工作日。

正确答案:

1.There are seven/Seven.

2.They are Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday and Saturday.

3.Sunday.

4.Saturday and Sunday.

5.During weekdays.

、读一读,根据短文内容,填空

      该题型的特点是在短文后给出一篇经过改写或缩写后与原短文意思相同的短文或几个句子,在短文或句子中均留有若干个空格,要求同学们在每一个空格处填上一个单词或短语,使短文或句子所表达的意思与原短文的内容一致。

      The English people like take-away food. The most popular food is fish and chips. They usually go to a fish and chips shop. They put the food in paper bags and take it home, or to their work places. At lunch time, many people eat take-away food in the park. Chinese take-away food is also very popular in England. People in the USA and Australia like Chinese take-away food too. But the most popular food in the USA is fried chicken.

阅读短文,然后填空。

1. The most popular food in England is ______.

2. They put the food in ______ and take it home, or to their work places.

3. At lunch time, many people eat ______ food in the park.

4. Chinese take-away food is also very ______ in England.

5. The most popular food in the USA is______.

解题技巧:

1. 短文的第二句话告诉我们最受英国人欢迎的食物是炸鱼薯条。

2. 短文的第四句话告诉我们他们把食物装进纸袋里,然后带回家或工作的地方。

3. 短文的第五句话告诉我们在午餐的时候,很多人喜欢在公园里吃外带的食物。

4. 短文的第六句话告诉我们中国的外带食物在英国也很受欢迎。

5.  短文的最后一句话告诉我们在美国,最受欢迎的食物是炸鸡。

正确答案:1. fish and chips  2. paper bags  3. take-away  4. popular

5. fried chiken  

 

 

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